History of Cyprus architecture. From antiquity to present days. Part 2
Modern history of Cyprus architecture.
The modern history of Cyprus architecture begins with the 1930s. It started when architects from Europe began to come to Cyprus bringing the ideas of architectural modernism. After World War II, “corporate modernism” became increasingly popular, while office buildings began to be built in this style. The complete independence of Cyprus, which dates back to 1960, gave rise to a construction boom. Office buildings, hospitals, schools, kindergartens were built.
As for modern architecture, like in many regions of the Mediterranean, it developed according to the canons of functionalism and laconism. This style was developed by the German architectural school of the Bauhaus (1919 – 1933). Not without the influence of the work of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886 – 1969). The style of his works is based on the idea of a universal abstract form.
In modern villas and urban mansions in Cyprus there are tendencies that are quite close to traditional Cyprus architecture. The main room of the private house usually has open design. Around it, according to the recommendations of Gropius and Mies van der Rohe, are grouped secondary rooms. The greatest boom of construction occurred in those years in Limassol, which earned the reputation of an international business center.
Nowadays the educational institutions of Cyprus continue the traditions of the Cyprus town-planning. Architects and designers use new materials and technologies while preserving the traditional Mediterranean style.
The Mediterranean style, of course, is conditioned by climate conditions. Surely, in many Mediterranean countries, you could notice that the walls are trimmed with white, beige or terracotta paint. These colors reflect the sun’s rays. And, most likely, you have often noticed that roofs of houses are often covered with brown, red or orange tiles. Another distinguishing feature of the Mediterranean style in architecture – flat roofs or having a slight slope. In interior and exterior decoration usually use natural materials such as wood, ceramics, natural stone. They will help to keep stone floors and walls cool. Another characteristic of Mediterranean style architecture is the active use of arches in the shape of arched doors, windows and galleries.
So, today, like many years ago, the history of Cyprus architecture continues to live and develop. The well-forgotten old stuff finds new life in the creations of young architects and designers.